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What is the Adding, Embedding, Extracting (AEE) Learning Model?

The Adding, Embedding, Extracting (AEE) model aims to make informal learning in the workplace more effective [1]. It supports the 70:20:10 model by acknowledging that learning occurs beyond formal training events – in workplace environments and through social interactions.

The AEE model recognises that the most learning occurs on-the-job – so strengthening experiential learning experiences in the workplace can significantly increase performance and depth of understanding [2].

‘Adding’ learning to work – ‘learn then work’

‘Adding’ learning to work refers to extra learning activities that occur in the workplace to support learning [3]. These are often an extension of a structured program, course or workshop. These activities may include an online forum/discussion board, additional eLearning experiences, site visits and demonstrations or work-based assignments [4] [5].

Although this approach does support learning, it views learning and working as separate.

‘Embedding’ learning in work – ‘learn as you work’

This approach blends learning and work into one to improve performance. It involves learners ‘learning as they do’ using accessible, on-demand support aids. These may include job aids, quick reference guides (QRG) and Electronic Performance Support Systems (EPSS) [6].

‘Extracting’ learning from work – ‘work, then learn, then work in an improved way’

‘Extracting’ learning refers to learning that is derived from on-the-job experiences. It involves learners reflecting on what they have learned and sharing these learning with colleagues to review and improve performance.

Diagram of the AEE learning model

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[1] [4] WIOA Australia (2019). The Technical Competency Handbook: Knowledge, skills and competency development for water industry operations staff.

[2] 70 20 10 Institute (November 18, 2016). Workplace Learning: Adding, Embedding & Extracting. Retrieved from

[3] [5] Jennings, C., (October 14, 2013). Workplace Learning: Adding, Embedding & Extracting. Retrieved from

[6] Schaik, Paul & Pearson, Robert & Barker, Philip. (2002). Designing Electronic Performance Support Systems to Facilitate Learning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International – INNOV EDUC TEACH INT. 39. 289-306. 10.1080/13558000210161043.

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Instructional Design Australia (IDA) provides instructional design services including the application of the 70 20 10 learning model. With team members in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth IDA will enable your people to engage, learn and perform.

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