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First Principles of Instruction

M. David Merrill reviewed instructional design theories to identify common principles. He devised the following five principles.

  1. Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems.
  2. Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge.
  3. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner.
  4. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner.
  5. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

First Principles of Instruction by M. David Merrill

The American Psychological Association has developed the Learner-centered Principles. The most important principle is to create a positive climate and positive relationships.


What Is Instructional Design?

Click on the links below to learn more about instructional design.

Influences On Learning Design In The Modern Workplace

Infograghic showing learners preferences in a modern workplace

Our Instructional Design Method

ADDIE Instructional Design Model

Instructional Design Australia (IDA) draws on the ADDIE Model of Instructional Design when delivering its learning design services to clients across Australia.  Watch the video below to learn more on how IDA applies the ADDIE model.

Our Services

Who We Work With

We Have Provided Learning Design Services For These Organisations


Articles on Instructional Design


What Our Clients Say

IDA consistently exceeds our expectations. Their learner-focused approach have turned made programs fun and effective! We’ve received outstanding feedback from the participants. Thanks IDA!


I’m so happy to have found Instructional Design Australia to design and develop our bespoke learning program. We wanted to create a program consisting of online learning, face-to-face workshops and on-the-job training. IDA aced it! We’re extremely happy with the end product.


IDA was a pleasure to work with – excellent communication, great attention to detail, fantastic ideas for hands-on engaging learning whilst meeting our tight deadlines. We are looking forward to working with IDA on future projects.


Contact Us

Make an enquiry

Instructional Design Australia (IDA) provides services to support workplace learning and change. With team members in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Perth IDA will enable your people to engage, learn and perform.

Contact Details

Ph: +61 3 5988 9887

Michael Peart
Ph: 0434 075 231

Bianca Schimizzi
Ph: 0416 013 623

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