Goodbye ADDIE?

ADDIE is an acronym for the major stages in the instructional design process:


ADDIE framework helps the Instructional Designer to follow a systematic process. Strictly following the steps of the ADDIE model limits the creativity of the instructional designer resulting in ‘flat’ learning products.   Often the requirements become evident as the design process evolves.  Whilst working with the content the Instructional Designer can discover new requirements or discard old ones. 

In practice, the end product is shaped by the
learning objectives and the design process.

Whilst ADDIE does offer us a systematic approach to project manage the instructional design process, we can argued that it is out of date. It was created for the US Army in 1975. The military have such a large number of instructional designers; they influenced the corporate and educational sectors to adopt the ADDIE model. ADDIE has been a useful tool for more than 35 years but it is not necessarily the best model to use now. 

September 1975 - A U.S. Army soldier talks on a field radio during a field training exercise. In the background are two M-114 armored reconnaissance vehicles.



Getting a perspective on Instructional Design Models top

ADDIE gives us a structured way for project management of the Instructional Design Process but other models give us more structure and guidance with the actual design of the instructions. Different design models can be useful in different ways. It can depend on the context, the targeted learners and the subject matter. It is the instructional designer's role to identify the most appropriate approach for each context. Strictly following only one design method, will limit the Instructional Designer. It is useful to develop your own method based on what you learn from a variety of design models.

Looking to the future, thinking about what sort of challenges instructional designers are likely to meet in the years ahead, we will need to be more flexible than we have been until now. (Gordon & Zemke, 2000).  In the future, Instructional Designers are going to need a more dynamic and fluid design model.

Some of the primary skills needed by the instructional designer are adaptability and flexibility to find ways to meet the learning objectives
within the constraints of the project.

Course on ‘The Instructional Design Method’

In this course you will learn about leading contemporary Instructional Design Method
More information.

References top

Gordon, J. & Zemke, R. (2000, April).  The attack on ISD.  Training,
Don Clarke M.A. - The ADDIE Model
The future of instructional design – or my heart belongs to ADDIE. Tony Bates
Bortz's Learning Module: An Alternative Approach to Training Program Curriculum Development
R. Lance Hogan, Ph.D., Natalie Garling, M.S.,